《中英對照讀新聞》Eating bananas could prevent heart attacks and strokes－吃香蕉可預防心臟病及中風
New research reveals eating bananas every day could help prevent heart attacks and strokes. High in potassium, foods like bananas can stop fatal blockages from occurring and inhibit the hardening and narrowing of arteries.
Researchers at the University of Alabama analyzed mice who were at risk of heart disease. The mice were fed either low, normal or high levels of potassium with the results showing that the arteries of mice fed a low-potassium diet became significantly harder. In contrast, the mice given high potassium had less artery hardening.
The vital mineral － which spuds, broccoli and sprouts are also rich in － was found to aid blood flow to the heart and brain and reduce the risk of clots. Other foods rich in the mineral include parsnips, seeds, fish and poultry.
However, eating too much potassium can cause stomach ache, nausea and diarrhea. Older people may be more at risk because their kidneys may be less able to remove potassium from the blood.
blockage：名詞，堵塞，封鎖。例句：His death was caused by a blockage in one of his arteries.（他的死因是一條動脈堵塞。）
inhibit：動詞，抑制，禁止。例句：This drug inhibits the growth of tumors.（這種藥物抑制腫瘤生長。）
clot：名詞，凝塊（血液等），黏土塊。例句：He had a blood clot removed from his brain.（他開刀移除腦部血塊。）
美國研究指出，香蕉富含礦物質鉀，經常食用有助預防心臟病及中風等心血管疾病。圖為二○一七年五月三日，美國賓州上聖克萊爾鎮「全食超市」（Whole Foods Market）陳列有機香蕉。（美聯社檔案照）
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